CITI BIKES, THE NYC BIKE SHARING PROGRAM, WAS TOUTED FOR HEALTH, JOB CREATION AND GREEN BENEFITS…GSB EXAMINES HOW GREEN IT ACTUALLY IS
Citi Bike Kiosk outside Grand Central Terminal, on Park Avenue
The largest bike sharing program in the US, Citi Bike is a for-profit system, and runs without subsidies from the city. Alta Bicycle Share developed and operates the system and Citigroup spent more than $40 million to be the title sponsor for 6 years.
Citi Bike currently has 330 stations in Manhattan south of 59th Street (hey, what are we Upper West Siders, chopped liver??) and in Brooklyn north of Atlantic Avenue and west of Nostrand Avenue. The system runs with 6,000 bikes. Over 62,000 riders have taken out annual subscriptions (cost: $95). Citi Bike was designed with the commuter (home-to-work/school; subway-to-work, etc) and social good (improved public health, economic growth and, of most interest to GSB, reduced greenhouse gas emissions) in mind.
On that “reduced greenhouse gas emissions” point, it’s too early to know exactly what the impacts will be in New York: Surveys will need to be conducted to determine how many people are switching from driving to the bikes vs. bus vs. subway, for example. However, since 30 US cities have launched bike share programs the past few years, not to mention Paris, Barcelona, Stockholm and others, we can look elsewhere to make an educated guess.
Washington, DC’s Capital Bikeshare did a survey of its users in 2011 which showed:
- 41% of users reported reducing their number of car trips
- Those users said they drove an average of 523 miles per year less, which translates into avoiding releasing 487.7 pounds of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere per bike share user
- Annually that translates into 1,632 tons of atmospheric CO2 avoided
Washington opened with about 1,000 bikes, compared to the 6,000 in New York. Taking into account the fact New Yorkers drive less per capita than their DC counterparts (better, more comprehensive mass transit in Gotham), thus making a 6:1 comparison of NYC:DC bikes a bit aggressive, it’s probably fair to say that a 4.5:1 ratio is conservative. This would mean the Citi Bike program would lead to the avoidance of 7,300+ tons of CO2 emissions. This translates to taking over 1,500 cars off the road for a year.
And, this is just the beginning: The program will grow (above 59th St??) and there will be a myriad of positive feedback effects. From a green perspective, the likelihood is that Bike Sharers will be more likely to get into long distance, recreational/training cycling, thus further reducing car miles traveled.
GSB will follow up on Citi Bike to see if/when survey data becomes available so we can replace my back-of-napkin calculation above with hard data. For now, if any readers are Citi Bikers, I’d love to hear from you–how do you like it? How did you get to work beforehand? And, most importantly, are you wearing a helmet?